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1918 History Events: What Happened in 1918

The events of 1918 would have a profound impact on the world. The consequences of these events had a ripple effect that may still be seen today. Because 1918 was the final year of World War One, the war dominated the year’s important events.

In January, President Woodrow Wilson of the United States gave his famous Fourteen Points address, in which he outlined principles for achieving long-term world peace in the aftermath of World War I. Despite the fact that the Allied Powers’ actual peace conditions differed significantly from what Wilson stated in his Points, Wilson continued to advocate for peace terms that he believed would make this war the “War to End All Wars.” Also in the United States, the United States Congress approved the Sedition Act of 1918, which was a watershed moment for civil freedoms. This law said that Americans were not allowed to criticise the government or speak out against the war (WWI).

The Imperial family, the Romanovs, were assassinated in July by the Bolshevik Party in Russia, in an act that would shape events for at least a century. This signalled the end of Russian aristocracy control and the beginning of the Communist era, which would last until the end of the century. With the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, World War One came to an end. However, it should be recognised that the Treaty ended hostilities between the Allies and Germany. Separate treaties were signed by the other Central Powers with the Allies. It’s also worth noting that the end of the conflict brought the fall of a few empires. The Russian Empire, the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire all dissolved, and new entities, if not nation-states, sprang from the ashes.

Indeed, the end of the battle signalled the beginning of the end of aristocratic authority in Europe. Finally, it is generally known that Germany was subjected to harsh peace conditions, to the point where animosity in Germany fueled the emergence of National Socialism, and ultimately the terrible Third Reich.

Continue reading to learn more about the events of 1918.

Event

(February 05, 1918)
Stephen W. Thompson shoots down a German plane, marking the United States military's first aerial victory.

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(March 19, 1918)
The Standard Time Act, signed by US President Woodrow Wilson, established Daylight Saving Time in the United States and gave the federal government control over the country's time zones.

Fun facts about Daylight Saving Time

(April 21, 1918)
Manfred von Richthofen, dubbed "The Red Baron," is shot down and killed over Vaux-sur-Somme, France.

(May 09, 1918)
Mike Wallace, an American television interviewer and reporter most known for his forceful and brutal approach on the show 60 Minutes, was born.

(May 11, 1918)
Richard Feynman, an American theoretical physicist, was born in New York City.

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(May 15, 1918)
Between New York City and Washington, D.C., the first regular airmail service in the United States was established.

(May 17, 1918)
Birgit Nilsson, a Swedish operatic soprano famed for her powerful, rich voice and as a Wagnerian interpreter, was born in Västra Karup.

(June 08, 1918)

Scientists and an artist employed by the US Navy view a solar eclipse in Baker City, Oregon.

(June 24, 1918)
From Montreal to Toronto, Canada's first airmail service was established.

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(July 09, 1918)
An inbound local train collides with an outbound express train in Nashville, Tennessee, killing 101 and wounding 171 people, making it the deadliest rail catastrophe in US history.

(August 13, 1918)
In Germany, Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) was incorporated as a public business.

(August 13, 1918)
Women enlist for the first time in the United States Marine Corps. Opha May Johnson is the first female recruit.

Happy Birthday! (August 25, 1918)
Leonard Bernstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor. photo source: wikimedia.org

(November 11, 1918)
The Allied powers and Germany signed an armistice document in the railway carriage of Ferdinand Foch, the commander of the Allied armies, at 5:00 a.m. on this day in 1918, and World War I ended six hours later. photo source: wikimedia.org

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Written by James

James has always been intrigued by dinosaurs, the universe, technology, and animals. With a Bachelor of Computer Science and years of writing expertise, he joined World Amazing Facts in 2021 as a staff writer.

Our team at World Amazing Facts is committed to verifying the accuracy of our content. It's possible that we'll get something wrong, or that our knowledge may become obsolete. Please let us know if you see any errors in the information provided.

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1917 History Events: What Happened in 1917

1919 History Events: What Happened in 1919