The year 1924 begins with the assassination of Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin on January 21st. Joseph Stalin, his successor, initiates a series of political purges aimed at ensuring his entire supremacy inside the Soviet Union’s hierarchy, a position he retained for 30 years. Stalin would go on to become one of the twentieth century’s most powerful political figures. Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister in the United Kingdom on January 22nd, signalling the party’s political importance for decades to come. The 1400-year-old Islamic Caliphate in Turkey is also abolished this year. Meanwhile, the international community is attempting to resolve the issues surrounding Germany’s post-World War I war reparations.
The year 1924 was a watershed moment for the United States. On February 22nd, President Calvin Coolidge delivered the first White House radio address, and on June 2nd, he signed the Indian Citizenship Act into law. In November, he was re-elected to a second term. Under J. Edgar Hoover’s guidance, the Bureau of Investigation grew into the well-known Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Finally, Wyoming’s Nellie Taylor-Ross was elected as the state’s first female governor.
At terms of sports, the Winter and Summer Olympics were staged in Chamonix and Paris, respectively. In the arts, the first performance of George Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue took place at Aeolian Hall in New York City, while French novelist André Breton issued the first Surrealist Manifesto. In science, astronomer Edwin Hubble (named after the Hubble Space Telescope) reveals that Andromeda is a galaxy rather than a nebula.
Marlon Brando, Armenian-French musician Charles Aznavour, American conservative icon Phyllis Schlafly, and former US President and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter are among the notable people born in 1934.
Continue reading to discover more about the events of 1924.
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