1936 History Events: What Happened in 1936

There were, of course, some important developments leading up to the outbreak of the Second World War in 1936, which was just a few years away. The reoccupation of the Rhineland by Germany was the first important development. German troops went into this western region of Germany along the Rhine in contravention of the Treaty of Versailles. This was also the year that the Hitler Youth was founded, making membership in this paramilitary group mandatory for German males aged 10 to eighteen. In 1936, the Rome-Berlin Axis was established, setting the groundwork for the Second World War’s Axis Powers. This Axis was founded by treaty between Italy and Germany, and it would become a formal military alliance in 1939.

The year 1936 also saw the death of King George V of the United Kingdom. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward, who became King Edward VIII. However, a constitutional crisis occurred when King Edward indicated an interest in marrying American socialite Wallis Simpson. Simpson was deemed unsuitable for Edward because she was divorced from her second husband. King Edward abdicated in order to marry Simpson, giving the crown to his brother, Albert, who became King under the name George VI. The King’s Speech, a critically acclaimed film released in 2010, was based on this true story.

John Maynard Keynes authored The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money, which is largely regarded as the economist’s fundamental work in the field of economics. However, Keynes was criticised, particularly by Austrian School economists such as Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek. Gone With the Wind was published this year in the realm of literature. A few years later, the novel would inspire the classic dramatic film of the same name. In the realm of music, Sergei Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf made its debut in Moscow. The Green Hornet made its radio debut in the United States in this year, establishing a radio, television, and film franchise for the fictional masked crime-fighter.

Continue reading to discover more about the events of 1936.


(March 01, 1936)
The Hoover Dam on the Colorado River near the Arizona–Nevada border was completed after five years of construction; it is the world's highest concrete arch dam.


(July 17, 1936)
This day in 1936, Nationalist rebels launched a well-planned insurrection against the Republican government of Spain, initiating a brutal civil war that lasted until 1939, when the Nationalists and Francisco Franco took power.

(August 03, 1936)
Jesse Owens wins the 100-meter dash at the Berlin Olympics, defeating Ralph Metcalfe.

(December 11, 1936)
Edward VIII became the only British monarch to willingly abdicate the throne after failing to get agreement for his desire to marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson. His abdication was formally approved on this day in 1936. photo source:

Written by James

James has always been intrigued by dinosaurs, the universe, technology, and animals. With a Bachelor of Computer Science and years of writing expertise, he joined World Amazing Facts in 2021 as a staff writer.

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1935 History Events: What Happened in 1935

1937 History Events: What Happened in 1937